In the modern world we are more dependent on each other

Some people think that in the modern world we are more dependent on each other, while others think that people have become more independent. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, some countries have experienced a significant rise in the proportion of their population aged 15 or younger. This demographic trend can be attributed to several factors, including high birth rates, improved healthcare leading to lower infant mortality rates, and cultural or religious beliefs that encourage larger families.

One of the main reasons for the increasing proportion of young people in some countries is the high birth rate. In many developing nations, families tend to have more children due to various reasons such as lack of access to contraception, traditional beliefs that value large families, and the need for additional labor in agricultural or informal sectors. As a result, a larger proportion of the population is under the age of 15.

Additionally, improved healthcare and medical advancements have led to a decrease in infant mortality rates, allowing more children to survive into adolescence. This has contributed to the overall increase in the proportion of young people in certain countries.

Moreover, cultural and religious beliefs can also play a significant role in the high proportion of young people in some countries. In many cultures, having a large family is seen as a source of pride and security for the future. Religious beliefs may also encourage larger families, leading to a higher proportion of young people in the population.

The current and future effects of this trend for the affected countries are multifaceted. In the short term, these countries may face challenges in providing adequate education, healthcare, and social services for their growing youth population. Additionally, a high youth population can strain the job market and lead to increased competition for employment opportunities.

In the long term, these countries may experience a “youth bulge,” where a large proportion of the population is in the working-age group. This can potentially lead to economic growth and increased productivity if the youth are properly educated and trained for the workforce. However, if the infrastructure and resources are not in place to support this growing population, it could lead to social and economic instability.

In conclusion, the increasing proportion of young people in some countries is a complex demographic trend with various causes and potential effects. It is crucial for policymakers and governments to address the challenges and opportunities presented by this trend to ensure the well-being and prosperity of their nations.

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